Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous increase in the size of the prostate gland, it is also known as Benign prostate enlargement (BPE). BPH generally begins after the age of 40. Generally, half of the males are affected with age 50 and above. And near about 90%  are affected with BPE by the age of 90.

Prostate cancer is increasing with time. And experts say that men above the age of 50 suffer from this more. And the risk of prostate cancer increases as one age. And one will not be able to catch it in its early stage as its initial stage symptoms are nil. One can only get to know about it in the screening.

Symptoms of BPE

It is obvious that symptoms vary from person to person but it is also true that it tends to get worsen with time. Some of the common signs of BPE are:-

  • The problem in starting urination.
  • A constant need to urinate.
  • Increased frequency of urination, especially at night.
  • Not empty the bladder.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Kidney or bladder stone
  • Prostate or bladder cancer and many more.

What causes BPH?

The cause is not well known. But is true that it occurs mainly in older men. Males whose testicles were removed before puberty do not suffer from BPH. As it does not develop in them. Because of this many researchers think that aging and testicles are the cause behind benign prostate hyperplasia.

Testosterone is a male hormone and on the other hand, estrogen is a female hormone. Men throughout their lives produce testosterone and a small amount of estrogen. And as men age, active testosterone in their blood starts decreasing and leaving a higher amount of estrogen in their blood. Scientific studies say that because of this higher amount of estrogen within the prostate increases the activity of substances that promote prostate cell growth. And because of this reason, only benign prostate hyperplasia may occur.

Dihydrotestosterone that is DHT is a male hormone that plays an important role in the development and growth of the prostate. Thus another theory focuses on this. Research says that older men continue to produce and accumulate high levels of DHT in the prostate even with a drop in blood testosterone levels And the accumulation of dihydrotestosterone may encourage prostate cells to continue to grow. And it is also noticed that men who do not produce DHT do not develop BPH.


One can reduce the risk of prostate cancer or other problems due to BPH by following the things mentioned below.:-

  • Weight

One must maintain a weight. If you are overweight then you must opt for a diet and exercise that will help you maintain your weight. And if you are underweight then you must consume healthy weight. You can consult a doctor or dietician for the same. They will help you by creating a diet chart for you.

  • Avoid Supplements

No experts will say you consume supplements to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. You must start consuming foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals. You should maintain a healthy level of vitamins in your body.

  • Exercise

Exercise should be done by everyone. It helps you to maintain your overall health and stay active and fit. It helps to maintain your weight and mood. You must exercise most of the days a week.

  • Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vitamins are enriched with different vitamins and nutrients that help you to maintain a healthy lifestyle. It helps to maintain your overall health and body.

Thus, if you think you are facing the above symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia then you must visit a doctor and follow the above precautions to be on a safer side.